The paragraph below comes from a "History of Melbourne" website that on ocassion I will draw from adding to our own personal accounts & experiences of our home.
"Melbourne is the capital of Victoria, and home to close to 4 million people. Many of the citizens of Melbourne live in the suburbs that east and south of the Yarra River, sprawled around Port Phillip Bay and extending as far east as Mount Dandenong. Melbourne was founded on the Yarra River in 1835 after an abortive bid in 1803 to establish a settlement inside the Port Phillip Bay heads. The Port Phillip District gained independence from New South Wales in 1850. Melbourne boomed in the 1850's as a result of the gold rush in the region to the north. Melbourne has a reputation as being more refined than its northerly neighbour Sydney, boasting the country's finest restaurants and is acknowledged as the country's most important financial centre. "
Melbourne is one of the last cities to use trams in Australia. Although now electrified, early trams were cable driven, similar to San Francisco today. Many of the cable houses have today been converted to apartments or upmarket offices.